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Q.6.     Given 5 flags of different colours, how many different signals can be generated if each signal requires the use of 2 flags, one below the other?

Each signal requires use of 2 flags. There will be as many flags as there are ways of filling in 2 vacant places in succession by the given 5 flags of different colours. The upper vacant place can be filled in 5 different ways with any of 5  flags and lower vacant place can be filled in 4 different ways by any of rest 4 flags. Hence, by multiplication principle number of different signals that...

Q.5.     A coin is tossed 3 times and the outcomes are recorded. How many possible outcomes are there?

When a coin is tossed the number of outcomes is 2 i.e. head or tail. When a coin is tossed 3 times then by multiplication principle,                                   the number of outcomes 

Q.4.     How many 5-digit telephone numbers can be constructed using the digits 0 to 9 if each number starts with 67  and no digit appears more than once?

It is given that 5-digit telephone numbers always start with 67. First, two digits among 5-digit telephone numbers are fixed and rest 3 digits are variable. The 10  digits are from 0 to 9. As we know that repetition of the digits is not allowed, so, the first and second place is filled by two digits 67  Third place can be filled with any of the remaining  8 digits.  The fourth place can be...

Q.3.     How many 4-letter code can be formed using the first 10 letters of the English alphabet, if no letter can be repeated?

There are 10 letters of English alphabets. As we know that repetition of the letters is not allowed, so,  the first place can be filled by any of 10 letters.  Second place can be filled with any of the remaining  9 letters.  Third place can be filled with any of the remaining  8 letters. The fourth place can be filled with any of the remaining  7 letters.  Number of 4-letter code can be formed...

Q.2.     How many 3-digit even numbers can be formed from the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 if the digits can be repeated?

The six digits are 1, 2, 3, 4 ,5 and 6 As we know that repetition of the digits is allowed, so, the unit place can be filled by any of even digits i.e.2,4 or 6 Similarly, tens and hundreds of digits can also be filled by any of six digits.  Number of 3-digit even numbers can be formed 

Q.1.     How many 3-digit numbers can be formed from the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 assuming that
           (ii) repetition of the digits is not allowed?

The five  digits are 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 As we know that repetition of the digits is not allowed, so, the unit place can be filled by any of five digits.  Tens place can be filled with any of the remaining  four digits.  Hundreds place can be filled with any of the remaining  three digits.  Number of 3-digit numbers can be formed when repetition is not allowed  

Q.1.     How many 3-digit numbers can be formed from the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 assuming that
            (i) repetition of the digits is allowed?
  

The five  digits are 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 As we know that repetition of the digits is allowed, so , unit place can be filled by any of five digits. Similarly , tens and hundreds digits can also be filled by any of five digits.  Number of 3-digit numbers can be formed 
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