Discuss the role of hepatopancreatic complex in the digestion of carbohydrate, protein, and fat components of food.

Answers (1)

Ans: The hepato-pancreatic complex is very crucial for the digestion of carbohydrates, protein, and fat.


Role of Liver: Liver produces the bile juice. Bile does not contain any enzyme but plays an important role in digestion. It facilitates the emulsification of fats
so that its digestion can be easier. Bile also provides an alkaline medium so that the enzymes in the small intestine can work.

Role of Pancreas: Pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which contains inactive enzymes like amylase, lipase, nuclease; trypsinogen and chymotrypsinogen.


Trypsinogen is activated by an enzyme enterokinase into active trypsin, secreted by the intestinal mucosa. Trypsin, then activate other enzymes in the pancreatic juice. Amylase digests carbohydrate, and trypsin/chymotrypsin digests protein.

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