5. Answer in brief.
(d) What are the causes and consequences of deforestation?
Due to deforestation, there is an increase in temperature and pollution on earth.
It increases the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Groundwater level also gets lowered. deforestation disturbs the balance in nature.
If we continue the cutting of trees, rainfall and the fertility of the soil will decrease. More chances of natural calamities like floods and droughts.