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What are the two properties of carbon which lead to the huge number of carbon compounds we see around us ?

Q. 2.     What are the two properties of carbon which lead to the huge number of carbon compounds we see around us?

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The two properties of carbon which lead to the formation of large number of carbon compounds are:

(1) Catenation: Carbon has the unique ability to form bonds with other atoms of carbon which gives rise to large molecules. The carbon-carbon bond is very strong and hence stable.

(2) Tetravalency: Since carbon has a valency of four, it is capable of bonding with four other atoms. These bonds that carbon forms with other elements are very strong making these compounds exceptionally stable.

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