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A sample of urine was diagnosed to contain a high content of glucose and ketone bodies. Based on this observation, answer the following:

(a) Which endocrine gland and hormone is related to this condition?
(b) Name the cells on which this hormone acts.
(c) What is the condition called, and how can it be rectified?

Answers (1)

(a) The pancreas is the endocrine gland and insulin is the hormone which is related to this condition.
(b) Insulin acts on hepatocytes and adipocytes.
(c) This condition is called diabetes. This can be controlled by changing some dietary habits, medications etc. In some cases, the patient may need to take insulin on a daily basis.

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