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Hypothalamus is a super master endocrine gland. Elaborate.

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Ans. The hypothalamus consists of many groups of neurosecretory cells which are called nuclei which produces hormones. These hormones control the synthesis and production of pituitary hormones. The hypothalamus produces two types of hormones, i.e. releasing hormones (that revivify secretion of pituitary hormones) and inhibiting hormones (which inhibits the secretion of pituitary hormones) The Pituitary gland produces the maximum number of hormones in the body, But many hormones secreted from the pituitary gland regulate the function of other endocrine glands in the body. In fact, all the other endocrine glands are controlled by the hormones which are produced by the pituitary gland. Thus, the pituitary gland is popularly known as the 'Master Gland' But the hormones secreted by hypothalamus regulates the production of hormones from the pituitary gland. Due to this, the hypothalamus can also be known as the 'Super Master Gland' of the body.

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