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 In a given habitat we have 20 plant species and 20 animal species. Should we call this ‘diversity’ or ‘biodiversity’? Justify your answer.

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Ans: The term biodiversity is a broader term that is used to refer to all the kinds of organisms that exist on this planet. If we consider the given an example, it only contains a few plant species and animals’ species in a particular area; thus, it cannot be called biodiversity because it is in a small area and contains only a few species of living organisms. On the other hand, the term diversity is used to refer to the species in a particular area. Thus, for the given an example, the term diversity is suitable to refer to the given small ecosystem.

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