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Brinjal and potato belong to the same genus Solanum, but to two different species. What defines them as separate species?

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Ans: Brinjal and potato are put under the same genus Solanum because they have certain characteristics in common that belong to the species of the genus Solanum like inflorescence, venation, phyllotaxy, etc. Since potato and brinjal cannot interbreed, thus they belong to different species. Had they been able to interbreed, they would be put under the same species because the ability to interbreed is an important criterion for the members of the same species.

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