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A scientist has come across a plant which he feels is a new species. How will he go about its identification, classification, and nomenclature?

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Ans: The scientist should first start by examining the morphological features of the plant like the type of roots or the venation. If the plant has fibrous roots, then it should belong to the monocotyledons, and if it has a tap root, then it should belong to the dicotyledons. This can also be checked by examining the venation of the plant, whether it is parallel or reticulate. Another way is to count the number of cotyledons present in the seeds of the plant. 

After that the scientist could go ahead with finding out the inflorescence, phyllotaxy, etc. that will help the scientist to find out about the order and the family that the plant belongs to. If the sample plant is a flowering plant, then the scrutinization of the floral parts could give the details about the order and the family of the plant. The arrangement of the seed in the fruits can also tell about the type of placentation in the plant sample.    

After that, the arrangement of the antheridium and gynoecium should be examined to see it the plant sample belongs to a new species of a plant. This research work done by the scientist needs to be verified on the basis of these features so that the new species of the plant can be verified. Also, when it comes to naming a new species of plant, the scientist needs to rule out the similarity of it with any other existing plant species so that a unique name could be kept for the discovered plant species.  

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