Match the species in Column I with the geometry/shape in Column II.

Column I

Column II

(i) H_{3}O^{+}

(a) Linear

(ii) HC\equiv CH

(b) Angular

(iii) ClO{_{2}}^{-}

(c) Tetrahedral

(iv) NH{_{4}}^{+}

(d) Trigonal bipyramidal

(e) Pyramidal

 

Answers (1)

(i) →(e); (ii) →(a); (iii) →(b); (iv) →(c)

Explanation :

Column I

Column II

    1. H_{3}O^{+}

Oxygen has 3 bond pairs and 1 lone pair (pyramidal shape)

    2.HC\equiv CH

Linear sp hybridization

  1. ClO{_{2}}^{-}

Cl has 2 bond pairs and two lone pairs (Angular shape)

  1. NH{_{4}}^{+}

 N has 4 bond pairs and no lone pair (tetrahedral)

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