On an educational trip to Uttaranchal, Ketki and her friends observed that many local people were having swollen necks. Please help Ketki and her friends to find out the solutions to the following questions.

(a) Which probable disease are these people suffering from?
(b) How is it caused?
(c) What effect does this condition have on pregnancy?

Answers (1)

Ans.
(a) The people are suffering from a health condition called the goitre.
(b) Goitre is caused by dietary iodine deficiency.
(c) If a pregnant woman is suffering from goitre, which is associated with hypothyroidism; it can have adverse effects on the foetus. Goitre causes defective development and maturation of the growing baby leading to stunted growth, mental retardation, abnormal skin and deaf-mutism.

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