Draw a diagram of bubble plate type fractionating column. When do we require such type of a column for separating two liquids? Explain the principle involved in the separation of components of a mixture of liquids by using fractionating column. What industrial applications does this process have?

 

Answers (1)

The two liquids which we are considering above does not have much difference in their boiling points and so dimple distillation cannot just be used for the separation process. So, the technique of fractional distillation is used in such very cases, which is a technique where vapours of a liquid mixture are passed through a fractionating column before condensation and the column used for fractionating is fitted over the mouth of the round bottom flask and the liquid with low boiling point distills first.

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