How do you distinguish between hypogeal germination and epigeal germination? What is the role of cotyledon (s) and the endosperm in the germination of seeds?

Answers (1)

Epigeal Germination

Hypogeal Germination

Epigeal germination is described as the type of germination when the hypocotyl grows initially. It then pushes the cotyledons and other parts of the seed out from the soil.

Hypogeal germination is described as the type of germination when the epicotyl grows first and only the plumule is pushed out from the soil. But the other parts including the cotyledons remain under the soil.

This type of germination takes place in Onion, Castor, Mustard etc.

This type of germination takes place in Monocots and some dicots.

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