Write the structures and names of products obtained in the reactions of sodium with a mixture of 1-iodo-2-methylpropane and 2-iodopropane.

Answers (1)

Alkanes having double bonds are obtained when n-alkyl halide is treated with name talin in the presence of ether, products obtained are based on Wurtz reaction.

RX + 2Na +XR \rightarrow R-R + 2NaX

CH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{2}I + 2Na + ICH_{2}-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{3}\overset{Dry ether}{\rightarrow} 2NaI + CH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{2}-CH_{2}-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{3}

(2,5-dimethylHexane)

CH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})I + 2Na + I(CH_{3})CH-CH_{3} \rightarrow 2NaI + CH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{3}

(2,4-dimethylbutane)

CH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{2}I + 2Na + I-CH(CH_{3})-CH_{3} \rightarrow 2NaICH_{3}-CH(CH_{3})-CH-CH_{3}-CH_{3}

                                                                                                (2,4-dimethylpentane)

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