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Identify the correct statements with reference to the given reaction
P_{4} + 3OH^{-} + 3H_{2}O \rightarrow PH_{3} + 3H_{2}PO_{2}^{-}
(i) Phosphorus is undergoing reduction only.
(ii) Phosphorus is undergoing oxidation only.
(iii) Phosphorus is undergoing oxidation as well as reduction.
(iv) Hydrogen is undergoing neither oxidation nor reduction.

Answers (1)

The answer is the option (iii) and (iv)

Explanation: This is a kind of disproportionation reaction in which phosphorous is being reduced as well as oxidised, as given in opt (iii); whereas hydrogen remains same in +1 oxidation state as in opt (iv). Therefore, option (iii) and (iv) are correct.

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