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Match the reactions given in Column (A) with the names given in column (B).

 

Column A

Column B

(a) CH_3OH + CH_3COOH \overset{H^{+}}{\rightarrow} CH_3COOCH_3 + H_2O

(i) Addition reaction

(b) CH_2 = CH_2 + H_2 \overset{Ni}{\rightarrow} CH_3 - CH_3

(ii) Substitution reaction 

(c) CH_4 + Cl_2 \overset{sunlight}{\rightarrow} CH_3Cl + HCl

(iii) Neutralisation reaction

(d) CH_3COOH+NaOH \rightarrow CH_3COONa+H_2O

 

(iv) Esterification reaction

 

 

Answers (1)

best_answer

A – iv

B – i

C – ii

D – iii

Solution:

Addition reaction - a reaction in which one molecule combines with another to form a larger molecule with no other products.

CH_2 = CH_2 + H_2 \overset{Ni}{\rightarrow} CH_3 - CH_3

Substitution reaction – in which one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group.

CH_4 + Cl_2 \overset{sunlight}{\rightarrow} CH_3Cl + HCl

Neutralisation reaction – in which an acid and base react to give salt and water

CH_3COOH+NaOH \rightarrow CH_3COONa+H_2O

Esterification reaction – in which an organic acid reacts with an alcohol to form an ester and water

CH_3OH + CH_3COOH \overset{H^{+}}{\rightarrow} CH_3COOCH_3 + H_2O

 

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