A line segment 56cm long is to be divided into two parts in the ratio of 2 : 5. Find the length of each part.
Given: Length of the line segment =56 cm
Assume the lengths of the two parts be 2x cm and 5x cm.
2x + 5x = 56
7x = 56
x = 8
Hence length of segments are 16 cm and 40 cm.