#### Please solve RD Sharma class 12 chapter Algebra of matrices exercise 4.3 question 44

Answer:  Hence, proved A is a root of the polynomial.

Hint: If $f(x)=0$ then x is a root of the polynomial.

Given:

$A=\left[\begin{array}{lll}1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & 1 \\ 2 & 0 & 3\end{array}\right]$ and$f(x)=x^{3}-6 x^{2}+7 x+2$

Substitute x=A

Then

$f(A)=A^{3}-6 A^{2}+7 A+2 I_{3}$

Where $I_3$ is identity matrix of size 3

$I_{3}=\left[\begin{array}{lll}1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1\end{array}\right]$

First find $A^2$,

$A^{2}=A A=\left[\begin{array}{lll}1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & 1 \\ 2 & 0 & 3\end{array}\right]\left[\begin{array}{lll}1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & 1 \\ 2 & 0 & 3\end{array}\right] \\\\$

$\begin {array}{ll}=\left[\begin{array}{lll}1+0+4 & 0+0+0 & 2+0+6 \\ 0+0+2 & 0+4+0 & 0+2+3 \\ 2+0+6 & 0+0+0 & 4+0+9\end{array}\right] \\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{ccc}5 & 0 & 8 \\ 2 & 4 & 5 \\ 8 & 0 & 13\end{array}\right] \end{}$

Now, let us find $A^3$

$A^{3}=A^{2} A=\left[\begin{array}{ccc}5 & 0 & 8 \\ 2 & 4 & 5 \\ 8 & 0 & 13\end{array}\right]\left[\begin{array}{ccc}1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & 1 \\ 2 & 0 & 3\end{array}\right]\\\\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{ccc}5+0+16 & 0+0+0 & 10+0+24 \\ 2+0+10 & 0+8+0 & 4+4+15 \\ 8+0+26 & 0+0+0 & 16+0+39\end{array}\right]\\\\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{lll}21 & 0 & 34 \\ 12 & 8 & 23 \\ 34 & 0 & 55\end{array}\right]$

Thus,

$f(A)=A^{3}-6 A^{2}+7 A+2 I_{3} \\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{lll} 21 & 0 & 34 \\ 12 & 8 & 23 \\ 34 & 0 & 55 \end{array}\right]-6\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 5 & 0 & 8 \\ 2 & 4 & 5 \\ 8 & 0 & 13 \end{array}\right]+7\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 2 & 1 \\ 2 & 0 & 3 \end{array}\right]+2\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right] \\\\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 21 & 0 & 34 \\ 12 & 8 & 23 \\ 34 & 0 & 55 \end{array}\right]-\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 30 & 0 & 48 \\ 12 & 24 & 30 \\ 48 & 0 & 78 \end{array}\right]+\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 7 & 0 & 14 \\ 0 & 14 & 7 \\ 14 & 0 & 21 \end{array}\right]+\left[\begin{array}{lll} 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 2 \end{array}\right] \\\\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{ccc} 21-30+7+2 & 0-0+0+0 & 34-48+14+0 \\ 12-12+0+0 & 8-24+14+2 & 23-30+7+0 \\ 34-48+14+0 & 0-0+0+0 & 55-78+21+2 \end{array}\right] \\\\\\ =\left[\begin{array}{lll} 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{array}\right]=0$

Thus, A is a root of given polynomial.

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