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Provide Solution for RD Sharma Class 12 Chapter 21 Differential Equation Exercise 21.10 Question 37 subquestion (i)

Answers (1)

Answer:  y=\frac{e^{x}}{2} \\

Give:  \begin{aligned} & & y^{\prime}+y=e^{x} \end{aligned}

Hint: Using integration

Explanation:  \frac{d y}{d x}+y=e^{x}

This is a first order linear differential equation of the form

 \begin{aligned} &\frac{d y}{d x}+P x=Q \\ &P=1 \text { and } Q=e^{x} \end{aligned}

The integrating factor If  of this differential equation is

 \begin{aligned} &I f=e^{\int P d x} \\ &=e^{\int 1 d x} \quad\left[\int \frac{1}{x} d x=\log |x|+C\right] \\ &=e^{\int d x} \\ &=e^{x} \end{aligned}

Hence, the solution of different equation is

 \begin{aligned} &y I f=\int \text { QIfd } x+C \\ &=y e^{x}=\int e^{x} e^{x} d x+C \\ &=y e^{x}=\int e^{2 x} d x+C \\ &=y e^{x}=\frac{e^{2 x}}{2}+C \quad\left[\int e^{2 x}=\frac{e^{2 x}}{2}+C\right] \end{aligned}

Divide by 

\begin{aligned} &=y=\frac{1}{e^{x}} \frac{e^{2 x}}{2}+\frac{1}{e^{x}} C \\ &=y=\frac{e^{x}}{2}+\frac{C}{e^{x}} \end{aligned}

Given when  y(0)=\frac{1}{2}, \text { when } x=0, y=\frac{1}{2}
\begin{aligned} &=\frac{1}{2}=\frac{e^{0}}{2}+\frac{C}{e^{0}} \\ &=\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{2}+C \\ &=C=0 \end{aligned}

By  \begin{aligned} y=& \frac{e^{x}}{2}+\frac{0}{e^{x}} \\ \end{aligned}



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